I Do Not Need My IRA RMD. Can I Put It in a Roth IRA?

If you happen to don’t need your required minimum distributions (RMDs) out of your traditional IRA for living expenses, can it’s reinvested in a Roth IRA? Yes—assuming that you just are eligible for a Roth based in your income.

It’s because the cash to fund your individual retirement account (IRA) can come from any pool of money that you might have available; nonetheless, you continue to must concentrate to the contribution limits and earned income requirements.

Key Takeaways

  • For 2022, you’ll be able to contribute a combined total of $6,000 to your IRAs ($7,000 should you’re age 50 or older). In 2023, those amounts rise to $6,500 and $7,500.
  • Roth IRA holders aren’t required to take required minimum distributions (RMDs).
  • Internal Revenue Service (IRS) income limits determine one’s eligibility for a Roth IRA.
  • RMDs have to be withdrawn a final time before converting a standard IRA to a Roth IRA.
  • RMD funds may be reinvested into various kinds of accounts, corresponding to mutual funds, stocks, and 529 education savings plans.

How Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) Work

Traditional IRA contributions are made with pretax dollars; in return, taxpayers are allowed to say a deduction for the tax yr during which the IRA contribution was made. On the opposite end, IRA distributions are taxable as income and will be subject to an IRS penalty if withdrawn early.

Roth IRA contributions, alternatively, are made with after-tax dollars. So, while you don’t get an up-front tax break, you’ll be able to withdraw the cash tax-free in retirement.

Traditional IRA holders must begin taking annual RMDs on the age of 73 in the event that they were born between 1951 and 1959, or 75 in the event that they were born in 1960 or after. This is a rise from the previous age of 72.

These amounts are calculated based on the entire amount saved in all your traditional IRAs; nonetheless, there aren’t any RMD mandates for Roth IRAs throughout the owner’s lifetime, making them ideal wealth-transfer vehicles. Any money within the IRA that you just don’t need can stay within the account and be passed on to your heirs.

Investing an RMD Right into a Roth IRA

For the 2022 tax yr, the annual contribution limit to an IRA is $7,000 should you’re 50 or older. In 2023, that limit goes as much as $7,500. That limit is the entire for all your IRAs—traditional and Roth. (The boundaries are $1,000 less for anyone under age 50.)

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requires that you might have enough earned income to cover your Roth IRA contribution for the yr—however the actual source of your contribution needn’t be directly from a paycheck.

In case your RMD was lower than $7,000, you possibly can deposit the entire money into your Roth IRA; nonetheless, should you contributed $4,000 to a different IRA in the identical yr, you possibly can place just $3,000 of your RMD right into a Roth IRA.

The IRS prohibits account holders from converting RMDs on to a Roth IRA.

There are also Roth IRA contribution rules based in your income and tax-filing status. In case your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is within the Roth IRA phase out range, you then could make a reduced contribution. You may’t contribute in any respect in case your MAGI exceeds the upper limit on your filing status.

Here’s a rundown for the 2022 and 2023 tax years:

Roth IRA Income Limits
Filing Status 2022 MAGI 2022 Contribution Limit 2023 MAGI 2023 Contribution Limit
Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er) Lower than $204,000 $6,000 ($7,000 if age 50 or older) Lower than $218,000 $6,500 ($7,500 if age 50 or older)
  $204,000 to $213,999 A reduced amount $218,000 to $227,999 A reduced amount
  $214,000 and above Zero $228,000 and above Zero
Single, head of household, or married filing individually (and also you didn’t live along with your spouse at any time throughout the yr) Lower than $129,000 $6,000 ($7,000 if age 50 or older) Lower than $138,000 $6,500 ($7,500 if age 50 or older)
  $129,000 to $143,999 A reduced amount $138,000 to $152,999 A reduced amount
  $144,000 and above Zero $153,000 and above Zero
Married filing individually (and also you lived along with your spouse at any time throughout the yr) Lower than $10,000 A reduced amount Lower than $10,000 A reduced amount
  $10,000 and above Zero $10,000 and above Zero
Source: Internal Revenue Service

Avoiding RMDs

There’s the choice to convert your traditional IRA right into a Roth IRA—a move called a Roth IRA conversion. Since Roth IRAs don’t have RMDs, you’ll not be required to take annual withdrawals once the funds are within the Roth.

Remember, Roths don’t have an up-front tax deduction for the initial contributions, but qualified withdrawals in retirement are tax-free, and there aren’t any RMDs throughout the owner’s lifetime.

Nevertheless, the Roth IRA conversion is a taxable event—and the tax bill could possibly be substantial. Because you received a tax deduction on the contributions into your traditional IRA, that you must pay those deferred taxes on the converted funds.

It’s an excellent idea to examine with a tax skilled to find out whether a conversion would make financial sense for you, as there are other aspects to think about besides the RMD issue. For instance, converting money from a standard IRA to a Roth could also push you into a better tax bracket, meaning that your marginal tax rate could possibly be higher for that yr.

If you happen to determine to convert to a Roth IRA, remember to take an RMD from the standard IRA one last time for the yr of the conversion. That’s obligatory because the standard IRA still existed during that yr.

Tax Consequences for Converting RMDs

An RMD may be utilized in some ways, corresponding to for discretionary spending or to complement retirement income.

RMDs may be reinvested, except in most retirement accounts like traditional and Roth IRAs. How funds are taxed is dependent upon the kind of investment vehicle.

For instance, profits from the sale of stock are taxed as capital gains. Owners of mutual funds typically pay taxes on earnings and dividends while holding the funds. Then, when mutual fund shares are sold, the earnings are taxed as capital gains.

One other popular option is to speculate the RMD right into a 529 savings plan, which provides money for education costs, corresponding to apprenticeships, education expenses for college kids in primary, secondary, and postsecondary institutions, and student loan repayments. In a 529 plan, the funds accumulate on a tax-deferred basis, and qualifying events allow funds to be withdrawn tax-free.

Qualified Charitable Distribution

IRA holders can satisfy RMD mandates by taking qualified charitable distributions (QCDs)—that are nontaxable withdrawals from qualified plans made on to charities. QCDs as much as $100,000 count toward the RMD amount.

To qualify as a QCD, the account holder have to be at the least 70½ years old, and the distribution have to be comprised of the eligible account by December 31 (no later than April 1 of the yr following the primary RMD yr). Also, the distribution have to be paid on to the eligible charity.

Watch out about your alternative because not all charities qualify. As an example, the charity can’t be a personal foundation, a donor-led charity, or a charity where the donated funds directly support the donor. The charity also can’t be a supporting organization—a charity that supports other charities.

QCDs that exceed the RMD won’t count toward future RMDs. Although reportable, the distribution is just not subject to taxation and is just not deductible. If a withdrawal is taken and the funds are later contributed to a charity, then the distribution is taxable as income. The funds have to be withdrawn as a QCD.

Are Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) Considered Earned Income?

Required minimum distributions (RMDs) from traditional individual retirement accounts (traditional IRAs) are considered taxable income. Although Roth IRA owners aren’t required to take RMDs during their lifetime, upon their death, designated beneficiaries are. In contrast to traditional IRAs, Roth RMDs that represent cost basis aren’t taxable as income.

How Do You Convert a Roth and Manage an RMD Withdrawal within the Same Tax Yr?

For account holders who must take an RMD, the withdrawal must occur before the Roth IRA conversion.

Are There Age Limits on When You Can Convert a Traditional IRA Right into a Roth IRA?

There aren’t any age limits on when a standard IRA may be converted right into a Roth IRA.

The Bottom Line

Roth IRAs haven’t any RMDs throughout the account owner’s lifetime. So, should you don’t need the cash, you’ll be able to leave your Roth alone to proceed growing tax-free on your heirs. Traditional IRAs don’t have the identical flexibility, and you could start taking those RMDs at age 73—whether you would like the cash or not.

Still, so long as you might have enough earned income for the yr to cover the contribution and also you don’t exceed the income limits, you’ll be able to deposit your traditional IRA’s RMDs into your Roth. This is usually a smart strategy to boost your Roth IRA while following the RMD rules on your traditional IRA.

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